The Crusaders suffered a crushing defeat in 1187 at the hands of Saladin who was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria. Saladin controlled many cities and castles in the region. The Crusader’s power started to fade.
The leader of the Mount Lebanon Emirate Fakhreddine II took over the castle in the 17th century because of its strategic location. He was defeated by the Ottomans who destroyed the upper part of the castle. The Galilee earthquake of 1837 caused further damage to the structure.