The American Foreign Policy Magazine has highlighted a peace initiative by Lebanon’s caretaker Prime Minister Najib Mikati as a potentially pivotal move for Gaza. Mikati’s plan, still in its early stages, outlines a three-phase approach aimed at resolving the long-standing conflict.
The initial phase calls for a five-day cessation of hostilities, during which Israel would increase humanitarian aid access through its borders, and Hamas would release some Israeli captives.
The second phase involves negotiations for a prisoner exchange between Israel and the Palestinians. The plan culminates in an international summit, dedicated to establishing a permanent two-state solution.
Mikati, in discussions with the Economist, expressed confidence that groups like Hezbollah and Hamas would disarm in the event of a comprehensive international peace agreement.
However, the plan’s success hinges on Western support, which remains uncertain. While some nations advocate for a humanitarian ceasefire, key players like the U.S., Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, and Italy, emphasize temporary “humanitarian pauses,” upholding Israel’s right to self-defense. This stance could undermine the potential backing for Mikati’s proposal.
Foreign Policy Magazine acknowledges the plan’s imperfections, particularly its vague stance on the future of Hamas and its combatants during the ceasefire. Yet, it emphasizes the need for global middle powers to assist in refining and supporting Lebanon’s peace proposal.