Google Doodle celebrates late Lebanese feminist and author Anbara Salam Khalidi

Today, Google celebrated the birthday of the late Lebanese author, translator, and feminist Anbara Salam Khalidi. 


Khalidi was born into a renowned family in in 1897. Her father Salim Ali Salam was a deputy in the Ottoman parliament and a merchant. Her brother Saeb Salam was a former Lebanese prime minister.

Via Google

Thanks to her status, Khalidi had the privilege to through the Middle East. She also attended the Anglican Syrian College in Ras , which is the predecessor of the American University of (AUB).

Khalidi also studied in the . That was a unique opportunity that not many Lebanese women enjoyed in the early 20th century.


Her readings and travels allowed her to see the world differently. At 15, she traveled to Cairo. “The relative freedoms of Egyptian women helped inspire her progressive stance towards traditional Lebanese norms.”

Via Sisterhood

In 1927, she abandoned her veil during a lecture at AUB. Her action sparked controversy at the time. She also joined the women’s movement in .


The author was an advocate of women’s rights in the Middle East. She was the first person to translate Homer’s ‘Odyssey’ and Virgil’s ‘Aeneid’ into Arabic.

Via Memoirs of an early Arab feminist

In 1978, she published her memoir which was translated into English under the title ‘Memoirs of an Early Arab Feminist’ in 2013.


She wrote a chapter about the Ottoman ruler of and . In ‘Jamal Pasha and his Crimes’ she mentioned how cruel the infamous Ottoman military leader was.

Khalidi died in in May 1986.

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