Lebanon is a country that has 5,000 years of history. National Geographic declared that Lebanon is one of the world’s oldest countries.
Byblos is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world which was first inhabited between 8,800 and 7,000 B.C. In fact, this ancient city is one of the inhabited Phoenician cities and towns in Lebanon.
“Byblos is a testimony to a history of uninterrupted construction from the first settlement by a community of fishermen dating back 8000 years, through the first town buildings, the monumental temples of the Bronze Age, to the Persian fortifications, the Roman road, Byzantine churches, the Crusade citadel and the Medieval and Ottoman town,” according to UNESCO.
Qadisha Valley and the Forest of the Cedars of God
Wadi Qadisha, which means Holy Valley, is a gorge that lies within the Bcharre and Zgharta districts in Northern Lebanon.
The valley has housed Christian monastic communities for many centuries. It is home to the Monastery of Saint Anthony of Qozhaya that was built in 1000 A.D. It was destroyed in the 16th century, but it was quickly restored.
The Cedars of God is the most famous cedar patch. the Phoenicians exported cedar woods which were considered luxurious. In fact, King Salomon used cedar wood for his temple.
The Temple of Bacchus is one of the largest Roman temple ruins in the world. Also, it is so well-preserved that carvings of lions and bulls are still visible. This temple is a model of Imperial Roman architecture. Baalbek is one of the most celebrated sanctuaries of the ancient world.
Anjar was established during the Umayyad period by Caliph Walid I at the beginning of the 8th century. The site of this ancient city was only discovered by archaeologists at the end of the 1940s. The ruins of Anjar are the walls of the Umayyad palace and many pillars which include some elements of the Roman architectural style.
Tyre was one of the two leading city-states in Phoenicia and is among the world’s 20 oldest cities. A region that dates back to 2,750 B.C., Tyre is an open-air museum. In fact, it is one of the 11 Phoenician cities and towns that are still inhabited.
It was also the most important seaport for the Phoenicians, and it is today the home of many Roman ruins. Also, purple dye was invented in this ancient city.